Web Designing is the process of creating web pages. A Web Designer is who does web designing by planning, organizing, and researching the necessary components. Web designing has a long history from the day the web was invented. It had already gone through several changes and still changing. Many web designers are entering the industry each and every day because of its limitless opportunity in this internet era. The rule is simple, as long as the websites exist, that long the web designing will exist.

Either for a personal blog or an e-commerce website, a perfect website design is always important. No matter how advanced the website functions are, if there is no capable design to deliver the benefits to the users, there is no use of those advanced functionalities. So, website design does have equal importance as the website features. That’s why big brands hiring professional web designers by spending thousands of dollars. Because they know the value of a perfect website design.

Web designing has been evolving over the past years. At the initial days of the World Wide Web, only text-only pages were able to transmit over the web. But later, as the requirements demanded a design, the emergence of the web designs started. When compared to the regular text-only versions, the styled websites were a huge progress. People were able to see the webpages aligned in different columns, texts in different colors, images in between the texts. This lead to further progress of the web design to what we see today in the most advanced websites.

Elements of Web Design

While talking about web designing, it is necessary to talk about the elements of a web design. There are several types of visual elements used in web designs. Here are few of them.

  • Layout: Layout is one of the most important elements of web design. It is nothing but just the way the text, graphics, content, and other elements of a web page aligned. This makes the website look good with clean and easily understandable elements. For example, if all the elements on a web page are just listed one another, it won’t provide a good visual experience to the user. At the same time, if the web page is built by aligning the text, images, and other elements at the right place also with the use of sidebars, header, footer, etc. it would look clean and easily understandable.
  • Colour: Colors are always important in a web design. Either it is a simple website or a huge website with lots of pages, wise use of colors can make the web page look beautiful. Different colors can be added to the elements like text, table, lines, background, etc. to make the web page look more attractive. Colors can be also used to highlight important portions of the content to give quick navigation to the users.
  • Graphics: Graphics are no doubt the necessary part of web designing. Like somebody said, “An Image can talk 1000 times better than a bunch of text.” Different graphic elements like icons, cliparts, logos, photos, etc. can be placed on the web pages to make it look beautiful as well as to provide a quick idea of the content on the page.
  • Fonts: Fonts are the different styles of text on the webpage. Fonts are helpful to make your text content more pleasing and easily readable. They can be also used to improve the visual likeliness of the web pages. For example, assigning different fonts to the headlines and content can make it easier for the users to understand the content as well as it will provide a good visual feel. Some most popular fonts include Arial, Roboto, Time New Roman, etc.
  • Content: Content is the most important part of a web design. Even if you have a good looking website with great functions, bad content can ruin it all. Content is what users will look into on your website. Everything else comes after the content. So, you should provide high-quality, easily understandable, described content to the users based on the type of website that you design. There are several other factors like writing search engine friendly content to get ranked higher on the search engines.

Languages used for Web Designing

To design a website, it is necessary to learn some programming languages. HTML and CSS are the fundamentals while others will be based on the requirements of the user. Here are the languages used for web designing.

  • HTML: HTML is the most basic and most important markup language to learn for designing websites. It is very easy to learn but super-important too. HTML is the structure of a website which include the elements like header, footer, sidebar, paragraphs, titles, etc. In simple words, HTML is the skeleton of a website which decided what elements should be displayed on the web page.
  • CSS: CSS allows to style HTML pages. A raw HTML page will not look that great. It just displays the content that you added in HTML in the default format. To make it look good and place everything on the place, you should use the CSS. HTML and CSS are necessary for web design and are paired each other to create good-looking websites.
  • Javascript: After HTML and CSS, the next important language for web design is the Javascript. Javascript adds activity, diversions, applications, intelligence to the web pages. It is a user-side script which enhances the functions of the website. For example, the popup windows that ask you for email to receive newsletter is working with the help of Javascript.
  • PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language. If you are into just designing static websites with less content, you will probably don’t have to learn PHP. However, for dynamic web pages and large websites which should keep a database, PHP is a must. It is one of the most powerful languages out there used by around 75% of all web servers in the world.
  • Python: Python is a dynamic programming language where you as a developer have to use only a few lines of code when compared to other programming languages. The python codes are very easy to understand. In other words, it is a very simple but powerful programming language.
  • Ruby: Ruby is yet another dynamic programming language used for creating apps and websites. It is a highly scalable language and used by thousands of websites all over the internet.
  • Java: Jave is mainly used for the Android app development. However, some highly advanced websites make use of Java to enhance their functionalities.